术语 terms
1 密封件 sealing
1.1 前门和后门密封件 front door&rear door sealing
  前门开关护罩 front door switch watershield
  前门挡水膜片 front door waterdam
  后门挡水膜片 rear door waterdam
  前门密封条 front door weatherstrip
  后门密封条 rear door weatherstrip
  前门腰线内密封条 front door inner belt weatherstrip
  前门腰线外密封条 front door outer belt weatherstrip
  后门腰线内密封条 rear door inner belt weatherstrip
  后门腰线外密封条 rear door outer belt weatherstrip
  前门玻璃滑道密封条 front door glass channel weatherstrip
  后门玻璃滑道密封条 rear door glass channel weatherstrip
  门到边梁密封条 door to rocker seal
  侧围玻璃密封条 quarter window seal
1.2 发动机罩(盖)和举升门密封件     hood&liftgate sealing
  举升门门板铰链密封垫 liftgate gate hinge haft gasket
  举升门车身铰链密封垫 liftgate body hinge haft gasket
  举升门开口密封条 liftgate opening weatherstrip
  举升门玻璃密封条 liftgate glass seal
  机罩(盖)铰链与车身间密封条 hood hinge to body seal
  机罩(盖)与前围间密封条 hood to cowl seal
  举升门铰链密封垫 liftgate hinge seal
1.3 车身堵塞 body plugs
  密封型堵塞 sealing type plug
  车门导线孔塞 door wering condult hole plug
2 隔离件 insulation
  机罩(盖)隔热垫 hood insulation
  机罩(盖)隔热垫紧固件 hood insulation fastener
  侧围内饰板隔音垫 quarter trim panel insulation
  前围隔热垫 cowl insulation
  轮罩隔热垫 wheelhouse insulation
3 内饰板 trim panel
3.1 车门内饰板 door trim panel
  前门内饰板 front door trim panel
  后门内饰板 rear door trim panel
  门内饰板基板 door trim foudation
  门内饰班底板 door trim subfoudation
  门内饰板衬垫 door trim pad
  门内饰板地毯 door trim carpet
  门内饰板装饰条 door trim molding
  门内饰板接片 door trim panel extension
  泡沫垫片 foam spacer
  扬声器蓖板框板 speaker grille bezel
  术语 terms
  扬声器面板 speaker grille screen
  扬声器夹板 speaker retainer
3.2 前内饰板 front trim panel
  前围内饰板 cowl trim panel
  中柱内饰罩 center pillar trim cover
  前门栏外踏板 front door sill outer scuff plate  
  后门栏外踏板 rear door sill outer scuff plate  
3.3 后内饰板 rear trim panel
  侧围内饰板 quarter trim panel 
  侧围内饰板接板 quarter trim panel extension
  侧围内饰板接板固定器 quarter trim panel extension fastener
  后柱内饰罩 rear pillar trim cover
  举升门柱内饰罩 liftgate pillar trim cover
  侧围内饰板通风网 quarter trim louver screen
  轮罩内饰板 wheelhouse trim panel
3.4 举升门内饰板 liftgate trim panel
  举升门内饰板固定器 lift trim panel retainer
  举升门通风网 liftgate louver screen
  举升门防划板 liftgate scuff plate
  举升门防划板固定器 liftgate scuff plate retainer
4 遮阳板 sunvisor(visor)
  遮阳板总成-无化妆镜 sunvisor assembly-w/o lighted
  遮阳板总成-带化妆镜 sunvisor assembly-w/lighted
  遮阳板 sunvisor
  遮阳板本体保护条 sunvisor foundation protector
  遮阳板内支撑杆 sunvisor inner support
  遮阳板内支撑销 sunvisor inner support tip
  遮阳板支架 sunvisor mounting bracket
  遮阳板固定夹子 sunvisor retainer clip
5 顶衬和上部装饰件 headliner&upper trim parts
  顶衬 headliner
  顶衬装饰条 headliner trim moulding
  顶衬定位器 headliner rtainer
  顶衬定位夹 headliner rtainer clip
  举升门上部装饰条 liftgate upper trim molding
  辅助扶手 assist handle
  辅助扶手罩 assist handle cover
  可拆式衣钩 detachable coat hook
6 门扶手 door armrest
6.1 前门扶手总成 front door armrest assembly
  前门扶手罩 front door armrest cover
  前门扶手固定板 front door armrest retainer
  前门扶手加强板 front door armrest armature
  前门扶手储物盒 front door armrest stowage bin
  术语 terms
  前门扶手饰钉 front door armrest stud
6.2 后门扶手总成 reat door armrest assembly
  后门扶手罩 rear door armrest cover
  后门扶手固定板 rear door armrest retainer
  后门扶手加强板 rear door armrest armature
  后门烟灰缸总成 reatr door ash tray assebly
7 地毯和底板垫 carpet floor mat
7.1 前地板地毯 front floor carpet
7.2 货舱地毯 cargo floor carpet
  后地板绝缘垫 rear floor insulation
  货舱行李环 cargo tiedown loop
  货舱行李环托架 cargo tiedown bracket
7.3 地板保护垫 floor mat
  前地板垫 front floor mat
  后地板垫 rear floor mat
8 座椅 seat
8.1 基本术语 basic terms
  驾驶座椅 driver seat
  乘客座椅 passenger seat
  斗式座椅 bucket seat
  长条式座椅 bench seat
  高靠背座椅 high back seat
  中靠背座椅 middle back seat
  低靠背座椅 low back seat
  前座椅 front seat
  后座椅 rear seat
  整体式座椅 integrated seat
  组合式座椅 bench seat with split back
  可调式座椅 adjustable seat
  固定座椅 fixed seat
  电动座椅 power seat
  座垫 seat cushion
  靠背 seat back
  头枕 headrest
  座椅护面 seat protector
8.2 前座椅总成 front seat assembly
  前座椅骨架 front seat frame
  前座椅靠背支撑件 foront seat back support pad
  前座椅放倒机构 front seat recliner
  放倒杆 recliner rod
  放倒手柄 recliner handle
  前座椅滑道 front seat track
  滑道罩 track cover
  滑道罩钢丝 track cover wire
  术语 terms
  滑道回位弹簧 track return spring
  前座垫 front seat cushion
  座垫衬垫 seat pad
  座垫板 cushion panel
  座垫钢丝 cushion wire
  座垫罩 cushion cover
  座垫罩弹性带 cushion cover elastic tape
  座垫搭扣 cushion fastener
  前座椅靠背 front seat back
  靠背垫 back cushion
  靠背罩 back cover
  靠背侧板保护条 back side panel protector
  前座椅头枕 front seat headrest
  头枕支架 headrest support
  头枕罩加强条 headrest cover stiffener
  头枕罩 headrest cover
  头枕支撑杆 headrest post
  头枕衬垫 headrest pad
  头枕插入器 headrest insert
  头枕套管 headrest cylinder
8.3 后座椅总成 rear seat assembly
8.3.1 后座垫总成 rear seat cushion assembly
  后座垫板 rear seat cushion panel
  后座垫衬垫 rear seat pad
  后座椅衬垫保护器支架 rear seat pad retainer bracket
  后座椅垫板加强板 rear cushion panel retainer
  后座垫锁 rear seat cushion latch
  后座垫锁保持器支架 rear seat cushion latch retainer bracket
  后座垫锁放松装置 rear seat cushion latch release
  后座垫锁放松带 rear seat cushion latch release strip
  座垫锁放松带滑板 cushion latch release strap slide
  座垫锁铰链 cushion hinge
  铰链支架 hinge bracket
  铰链加强板 hinge reinforcement
  座垫铰链罩 cushion hinge cover
  后座垫衬套 rear seat cushion bushing
  座垫罩 cushion cover
  座垫罩钢丝 cushion cover wire
8.3.2 后座椅靠背总成 rear seat back assembly
  后座椅靠背板 rear seat back panel
  靠背加强板 back reinforcement
  靠背基板 back foudation board
  靠背框架 back bezel
  座椅靠背锁 seat back latch
  术语 terms
  靠背锁拴 back streker
  靠背锁拴支架 back striker bracket
  靠背锁拴缓冲器 back latch striker bumper
  靠背锁控制杆 back latch control rod
  靠背锁按钮 back latch knob
  靠背罩 seat back cover
  靠背罩拉链 back cover zipper
  靠背地毯 back carpet
  座椅罩挡板 cover tetainer
8.4 电动座椅 power seat
  电动座椅轨道 power seat track
  轨道罩 track cover
  电动座椅开关 power seat switch
  毡罩 carpet cover
  电动座椅马达 power seat motor
9 座椅安全带 seat belt
9.1 前座椅安全带 front seat belt
  前座椅安全带卷收器 front seat retracktor
  前座椅安全带搭扣 front seat buckke
  导向器 guider
  导向器罩 guider cover
9.2 后座椅安全带 rear seat belt
  后座椅安全带搭扣 rear seat belt buckle
  后座椅安全带卷收器 rear seat belt retractor
  后座椅安全带卷收器支撑 rear seat belt tetractor support
  后座椅安全带腰带 rear seat belt lap
10 地板操控座 floor console
  地板操控座盖板 floor console cover
  地板操控座杯架 floor console cup holder
  地板操控座杯架保护袋 floor console cup holder protector bag
  驻车制动器罩 parking brake cover
  驻车制动器罩防尘密封件 parking brake cover duct seal
  驻车制动器罩防尘密封件固定板 parking brake cover duct seal retainer
  变速器换挡指示框板 transmission shift indicator bezel
  分动器换档指示框板 transfer case shift indication bezel
  分动器防尘罩 transfer case dust cover
  分动器防尘罩固定板 transfer case dust cover retainer
  操控座储物盒 console storage box
  操控盒储物盒盖 console storage box cover
  操控座支架 console mounting bracket
11 缓冲块 bumper
  车门缓冲块 door bumper
  举升门防撞缓冲块 liftgate overslam bumper
  牌照支架缓冲块 license bracket bumper
  术语 terms
  机罩(盖)缓冲块 hood bumper
  机罩(盖)调整缓冲块 hood adjustment bumper
  加油口门止动缓冲块 fuel filler door stop bumper
12 仪表板 instrument panel(i/p)
  仪表板总成 i/p assembly
  杂物箱门 glovebox door
  杂物箱门表皮 glovebox door skin
  杂物箱门锁 glovebox door latch
  杂物箱门锁固定板 glovebox door latch retainer
  杂物箱门锁缓冲块 glovebox door latch bumper
  杂物箱门内板 glovebox door inner panel
  杂物箱门限位带 glovebox door strap
  杂物箱门铰链 glovebox door hinge
  仪表板垫 i/p pad
  仪表板垫蒙皮 i/p pad cover
  组合仪表前盖 instrument cluster cover
  仪表板右框 i/p right bezel
  仪表板右框嵌条 i/p right bezel filler
  仪表板本体 i/p house
  仪表板加强板 i/p reinforcement
  转向管柱开口加强板 steering column opening reforcement
  排放分析仪堵扳制架 i/p lower finish panel
  仪表板烟灰缸限位器 lower finish reinforcement
  扬声器开口罩 speaker opening cover
  双雾灯标志透片 double foglamp indicator lens
  后雨刮器标志透片 rear window wiper indicator lens
  摇臂开关本体 rocker switch housing
  钟表开口盖 clock opening cover]
  仪表板烟灰缸 i/p ashtray
  仪表板烟灰缸止动装置 i/p ashtray stop
  仪表板烟灰缸止动装置弹簧 i/p ashtray stop spring
  转向管柱开口堵板 steering column opening filler
  前罩灯开关罩 headlamp swetch cover
  仪表板安装支架  i/p mounting bracket
  线束安装支架 wiring harness mounting bracket
13 其它 others
  风窗装饰条 windshield garnish molding
  备胎罩 spare tire cover
     
     
     
     
     
     
  术语 terms
1 基本术语 basic terms
  车身 body
  整体车身 unit body
  封闭式车身 enclosed body
  折背式车身 notch back body
  快背式车身 fast back body
  半快背式车身 semi-fast back body
  舱背式车身 hatch back body
  短背式车身 cut-off type body
  方背式车身 squareback body
  硬顶车身 hard top body
  软顶车身 soft top body
  车身本体 body shell
  车身骨架 body frame
  车身覆盖件 cover panel
  车身结构件 body structure
  承载式车身 unitary construction body
  非承载式车身 body chassis frame construction
  半承载式车身 semi-integral body
  折叠式车身 drop head
  天窗车顶 sunshine roof
  白车身 body in white
  车身附件 body accessories
  发动机舱 engine compartment
  行李舱 trunk(luggage hold,luggage compartment)
  车身前部 front body
  车身后部 rear body
  车身底部 under body
  车身侧部 side body
  车身裙部 skirt body
  腰线 waest line(belt line,door belt,fascia)
  脚部空间 foot well
2 地板 floor
2.1 前地板 front floor pan
  保护套 protective cap
  驻车制动拉线固定支架 parking brake cable mounting bracket
  安全带内侧固定板 shoulder belt inner mounting panel
  举升门锁闩加强板 liftgate lock striker reinforcement plate
2.2 地板中部 floor pan center
  中梁 center sill
  中梁螺母板 center sill tapping plate
2.3 后地板 rear floor pan
  后座垫锁扣座 rear seat cushion latch retainer
  千斤顶固定支架 jack retainer bracket
  术语 terms
  举升门框到地板的角支撑 liftgate opening to floor gusset
  加油口罩 fuel filler housing
  燃油箱固定托架 fuel tank mounting tray
  后减震器固定横梁 rear shock absorber mounting crossmember
  后减震器固定横梁加强板 rear shock absorber mounting crossmember reforcement
  后座椅横梁 rear seat crossmember
  后地板罩支架 rear floor cover support
  备胎支架 spare tire bracket
  地板备胎固定支架 spare tire mounting to floor bracket
  铰接螺栓固定支架 swing bolt mounting bracket
3 sill
3.1 前梁 front sill
  前横梁 front crossmember
  前纵梁 front sill
  前纵梁加强板 front sill reinforcement
  前纵梁外板 front sill outer panel
  前纵梁内板 front sill inner panel
  前纵梁内板加强板 front sill inner panel reinforcement
  前纵梁与横梁支撑加强板 front sill to crossmember support reinforcement
  控制臂支架 control arm bracket
  控制臂支架加强板 control arm bracket reinforcement
  刮雪板固定套 snow plow spacer
  推力杆安装支架 track bar mounting bracket
  转向机垫板 steering gear spacer
  转向机前部垫板 steering gear front half spacer
  转向机后部垫板 steering gear rear half spacer
  拉带 cable tie
3.2 后梁 rear sill]
  后横梁 rear crossmember
  后纵梁 rear sill
  钢板弹簧固定支架 spring mounting bracket
  后纵梁缓冲块加强板 rear sill jounce bumper reinforcement
  后稳定杆固定座 rear stability rod mounting retainer
  后制动软管支架 rear brake hose bracket
  支撑板 support panel
3.3 侧边梁 side sill
  车身侧边梁 side body rocker sill
  后座垫枢轴加强板 rear pivot reinforcement
  安全带外侧固定板 seat belt outer mounting panel
4 前端结构 front structure
  散热器上横梁 radiator support cross member
  前下横梁 front lower cross member
  散热器罩 grille
  散热器罩安装板 grille opening panel
  术语 terms
  散热器罩固定支架 grille support bracket
  散热器护板 radiator baffle panel
  散热器固定框 radiator support
  散热器护板加强板 radiator baffle reinforcement
  散热器安装支架 radiator mounting bracket
5 前围 cowl(fire wall)&dash panel
  前围护板 cowl shield panel
  空气室板 air chamber panel
  空气室接板 air chamber extension panel 
  空气室暖风开口密封条 air chamber opening seal
  空气室暖风开口导流板 air chamber opening deflector
  空气室与转向机支架间支撑 air chamber to steering bracket support
  转向管柱支撑支架 steering column support bracket
  前围板 dash panel
  密封垫 sealing washer
  插接器加强板 wire connector reinforcement]
  制动总泵加强板 brake cylinder reinforcement
  前围侧加强板 cowl side reinforcement
  前柱加强板 front pillar reinforcement
  前围侧内板 cowl side inner panel
  前围上板 cowl top
  前围上接板 cowl top extension panel
  发动机盖铰链加强板 hood ginge reinforcement
  前围上板档水槽 cowl top water shield
  空气室挡风板 plenum drain shied
  蓖板与前围上接板支架 grille to cowl extension bracket
  前围通风蓖板 cowl panel
  前围通风蓖网 cowl grille screen
6 侧围总成 body side assembly
  侧围 body side
  侧围外部 outer body side
  前柱 front pillar
  前柱外接板到空气室板加强板 front pillar extension plate to air chamber reinforcement
  前柱铰链加强板 front hinge pillar reinforcement
  前柱加强板 front pillar reinforcement
  车门限位器固定支架 door check mounting bracket
  中柱 center pillar
  中柱加强板 center pillar reinforcement
  后车门铰链加强板 rear door hinge reinforcement
  车门锁闩固定板 door lock striker mounting plate
  车门锁闩固定座 door lock striker retainer
  后侧围板 quarter panel
  后柱 rear pillar
  车门锁闩固定板座 door lock striker retainer
  车门锁闩固定支架 door lock striker mounting bracket
  尾灯固定板 taillamp mounting panel
  后地板侧接板 rear floor pan side extension
  后侧围板上接板 quarter panel upper extension
  顶盖边框外板 roof side outer rail
  边梁外板 side rail outer panel
  顶盖边框内板 roof side inner rail
  后座椅安全带安装板 rear seat belt mounting plate
  辅助扶手加强板 assist handle reinforcement
  后柱加强板 rear pillar reinforcement
  后侧围带状板 quarter belt panel
  举升门框柱 liftgate opening pillar
  举升门支撑杆固定加强板 liftgate support cylinder mounting reinforcement
  举升门柱接板 liftgate pillar extension panel
  后座椅靠背锁紧机构支架 rear seatback latch bracket
  后座椅铰链枢轴支架 rear hinge pivot bracket
  加油口罩支架 fuel filler housing bracket
  加油口罩接板 fuel filler housing extension panel
  加油口门 fuel filler door
  加油口门外板 fuel filler door outer panel
  加油口门内板 fuel filler door inner panel
  加油口门铰链 fuel filler door hinge
  加油口门内板加强板 fuel filler door inner panel reinforcement
  加油口门弹簧片 fuel filler door spring
  后柱排气口 rear pillar exhauster
  后柱减压阀 rear pillar relief pressure valve
  后柱减压阀盖 rear pillar relief pressure valve cover
  后柱减压阀格栅 rear pillar  pressure valve relief grille
7 轮罩 wheelhouse
  前轮罩 front wheelhouse
  前轮罩板 front wheelhouse panel
  前轮罩前板 front wheelhouse front panel
  前轮罩后板 front wheelhouse rear panel
  前轮罩接板 front wheelhouse extension panel
  前减震器固定支架 front shock absorber mounting support
  前悬挂弹簧保持导向柱 front suspension spring retainer guide
  前悬挂缓冲块罩 front suspension jounce bumper cup
  前悬挂缓冲块罩垫片 front suspension jounce bumper cup spacer
  前减震器固定支架加强板 front spring&shock mtg.reinforcement
  后轮罩 rear wheelhouse
  后轮罩内板 rear wheelhouse inner panel
  后轮罩外板 rear wheelhouse outer panel
  后轮罩口外接板 rear wheelhouse opening appligue
  后轮罩口 rear wheelhouse opening 
  轮罩衬板 wheelhouse liner
  术语 terms
  前固定板 front retainer plate
  中固定板 center retainer plate
  后固定板 rear retainer plate
8 翼子板 fender
  前翼子板 front fender
  前翼子板接板 front fender extension panel
  前翼子板衬板 front fender liner
  前翼子板支架 front fender rear bracket
  前翼子板天线支架 front fender annenna support bracket
  前翼子板加强板 front fender reinforcement
  前翼子板调整垫片 front fender adjustment shim
  翼子板到前簧托架 front fender to front spring bracket
  后翼子板 rear fender
  后翼子板衬板 rear fender liner
  防护罩 protective cap
9 车门 door
9.1 前门 front door
  前门内板 front door inner panel
  前门外板 front door outer panel
  三角窗 quarter window
  外后视镜加强板 outside rear view mirror reinforcement
  门外板手柄加强板 door outer panel handle reinforcement
  门内板铰链加强板 door inner panel handle reinforcement
  门铰链螺母板 tapping door hinge mounting plate
  车门框架 door frame
  车门窗框 door window frame]
  滑道梁下安装支架 channel bar lower attach bracket
  车门内手柄固定板 door inside handle mounting plate
  前门玻璃滑道 front door glass channel
  前门玻璃滑道安装托架 front door chnnel bracket
  前门内板加强板 front door inner panel reinforcement
  前门扶手安装托架 front door armrest mounting bracket
  前门装饰板定位卡板 front door trim panel retainer bracket
  前门棱边防护条 front door edge protector strip
9.2 后门 rear door
  后门内板 rear door inner panel
  后门内板加强板 rear door inner panel reinforcement
  后门外板 rear door outer panel
  后门玻璃固定板 rear door glass stationary plate
  后门玻璃滑道 rear door glass channel
  后门玻璃导流板 rear door glass air deflector
9.3 举升门 liftgate
  举升门外板 liftgate outer panel
  举升门内板 liftgate inner panel
  术语 terms
  举升门装饰板固定件 liftgate trim panel stationary
  举升门铰链安装加强板 liftgate hinge mounting reinforcement
  举升门支撑托架 liftgate support bracket
  高位制动灯安装板 high stop lamp mounting panel
  定向装置 wire routing guide
  安装板 mounting plate
  举升门锁闩连接板 liftgate latch attach plate
  举升门上限位缓冲块垫片 liftgate over slam bumper shim
  接缝盖板 joint cover bar
  调整垫片 adjustment shim
10 顶盖及行李架 roof&luggage rack
10.1 顶盖 roof
  顶盖支架 roof bracket
  顶盖滑道支架 roof channel bracket
  货舱灯安装支架 cargo lamp mounting bracket
  顶窗 sky-light window
  风窗上框 windshield header panel
  风窗上框胶条 windshield header panel adhesibe
  举升门框顶板 liftgate header pannel
  举升门框顶板加强板 liftgate header pannel reinforcement
  胶条卡子 adhesive clip
10.2 行李架 luggage rack
  行李架滑动导轨 luggage rack slide rail
  行李架横杆 luggage rack cross rail
  滑动导轨支撑 slide rail stanchion
  行李架滑动垫片 luggege rack skid washer
  防滑板 skid strip
11 发动机罩 hood
  发动机罩外板 hood outer panel
  发动机罩内板 hood inner panel
  发动机罩铰链加强板 hood hinge reinforcement
  发动机罩缓冲块 hood bumper
  发动机罩支撑杆 hood support rod
  发动机罩锁闩加强板 hood latch striker reinforcement
12 保险杠和拖钩 bumper&tow hook
  前保险杠 front bumper
  前保险杠本体 front bumper rail
  前保险杠安装支架 front bumper mounting bracket
  端盖 end cap
  垂直挡块 bumper guard
  垂直挡块支架 bumper guard bracket
  保险杠本体安装肋板 bumping rail mounting rib
  后保险杠 rear bumper
  后保险杠本体 rear bumper rail
  术语 terms
  防溅板 splash shield
  拖钩 tow hook
  前拖钩 front tow hook
  前拖钩加强板 front tow hook reinforcement
  后拖钩 rear tow hook
  后拖钩支架 rear tow hook bracket
  后拖钩加强板 rear loading reinforcement
  后拖钩支架支撑板 rear tow hook bracket support
13 车身外部装饰板、防划伤条和铭牌 door outer moulding,cladding&nameplate
  装饰条 moulding
  防水垫板 protected water shim
  泡沫胶带 foam adhesive tape
  装饰带 trimming belt
  固定卡 stay clip
  前门窗夹子 front door frame clip
  前风窗饰条 windshield rebeal moulding
  密封条 weather strip
  顶盖及后窗装饰条 roof&rear window molding
  流水槽 drip rail
  侧踏杆 side mounted step bar
  车身外部防划伤条 molding body side scuff
  防划条 cladding
  黑色镶亮条 black with light cladding
  黑色镶红条 black with red cladding
  彩条 color stripe/tape stripe
  珠光色 pearl
  翠绿色 green
  暖灰色 dark silver
  红色 red
  银色 silver
  金色 gold
  紫色 purple
  遮盖条 stripe
  车身防护膜 protect body film
  铭牌 naemplate
  标志 marker
  商标 trade mark
  金色软制铭牌 gold soft name plate
  银色软制铭牌 silver soft name plate
14 前防撞杆 front bruising guard
  中防护管 center guard tube
  右灯护架 right lamp guard bracket
  左灯护架 left lamp guard bracket
  上弯板 upper bent plate
  术语 terms
  下弯板 lower bent plate
  防撞安装支架 bruising guard mounting bracket
15 玻璃及玻璃密封条 glass&glass weatherstrip
  安全玻璃 safety glass
  防弹玻璃 bullet-resisting glass
  夹层玻璃 laminated glass
  钢化玻璃 toughened glass
  曲面玻璃 curved glass
  复合曲面玻璃 complex-curved glass
  单曲面玻璃 cylindrically curved glass
  双层中空玻璃 double glazed unit
  电热安全玻璃 electric heating safety glass
  除霜型玻璃 heater glass
  无色透明玻璃 clear glass
  带色玻璃 tinted glass
  深色玻璃 dark tinted glass
  风窗玻璃 windshield glass
  后窗玻璃 backlight(rear window glass)
  前门通风窗固定玻璃 front door ventilation fixed window glass
  后门通风窗固定玻璃 rear door ventilation fixed window glass
  后侧围窗玻璃 rear quarter window glass
  举升门玻璃 liftgate glass
  通风窗 ventilation window
  内后视镜支座 inside rear view mirror support bracket
  后窗玻璃垫块 rear window glass spacer
  玻璃密封条 glass weatherstrip
  通风窗角支撑板 ventilation window gusset
  通风窗分割滑道梁 ventilation window divided channel rail
16 车架 frame
  整体车架 unitized frame
  副车架 subframe
  边框式车架 perimeter frame
  平台式车架 platform frame
  车架横梁 frame crossmember
  车架纵梁 frame rail
  车架加强板 frame reinforcement
  车架矫正加强板 frame repair reinforcement
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
  术语 terms
1 紧固件 fastener
1.1 螺柱 stud
  焊接(单头)螺柱 weld stud(single end stud)
  双头螺柱 double end stud
  全螺纹螺柱 stud bolt
1.2 螺栓 bolt
  六角头螺栓 hexagon bolt
  六角头法兰面螺栓 hexagon bolt with flange
  大半圆头方颈螺栓 cup square neck bolt(mushroom head square neck bolt)
  小方头螺栓 square bolt with small head
  沉头方颈螺栓 flat countersunk square neck bolt
  凸焊螺栓 projection weld stud
  u型螺栓 u-bolt(strirrup bolt)
  自锁螺栓 self locking bolt
1.3 螺钉 screw
  内六角花形圆柱头螺钉 hexagon lobular socket head cap screw
  十字槽盘头螺钉 hexagon washer head screw
  内六角圆柱头螺钉 cross recessed pan head screw
  十字槽沉头螺钉 hexagon socket head cap screw
  十字槽半沉头螺钉 cross recessed countersunk(flat)head screw
  十字槽盘头自攻螺钉 cross recessed raised countersunk(oval)head screw
  十字槽沉头自攻螺钉 cross recessed pan head tapping screw
  十字槽半沉头自攻螺钉 cross tecessed raised countersunk(oval)head tapping screw
  十字槽圆头木螺钉 cross recessed round head wood screw
  十字槽沉头木螺钉 cross recessed countersunk(flat)head wood screw
  十字槽半沉头木螺钉 cross recessed raised countersunk(oval)head wood screw
1.4 螺母 nut
  六角螺母 hexagon nut
  六角薄螺母 hexagon thin nut
  六角开槽螺母 hexagon slotted nut
  六角开槽薄螺母 hexagon thin slotted nut
  六角凸缘螺母 hexagon nut with collar
  六角法兰面螺母 hexagon nut with flange
  六角垫圈面螺母 washer faced hexagon nut
  全金属六角法兰面锁紧螺母 prevailing torque type all-metal hexagon nut with fange
  翼(蝶)形螺母 wing nut
  方螺母 square nut
  圆螺母 round nut
  簧片螺母 spring nut
  焊接螺母 weld nut
1.5 垫圈 washer
  平垫圈 plain washer(flat washer)
  弹簧垫圈 single coil spring lock washer
  止动垫圈 tab washer
  术语 terms
  内锯齿锁紧垫圈 serrated lock washer internal teeth
  外锯齿锁紧垫圈 serrated lock washer external teeth
  锥形锯齿锁紧垫圈 countersunk serrated external toothed lock washer
1.6 铆钉 rivet
  半圆头铆钉 round head rivet
  扁圆头铆钉 flat round head rivet
  扁圆右半空心铆钉 oval head semi tubular rivet
  抽芯铆钉 break mandrel blind rivet
1.7 pin
  开口销 split pin(cotter pin)
  销轴 clevis pin with head
  圆柱销 parallel pin
1.8 其它 others
  螺塞 screw plug
  半圆键 woodruff key
  平键 flat key
  搭扣 buckle
  固定带 strap
  夹子 clip
  卡箍 clamp
  直通式滑脂嘴 straight grease nipple
  弯颈式滑脂嘴 elbow grease nipple
2 螺纹 thread
  普通螺纹 screw thread
  锥螺纹 taper screw thread
  自攻螺纹 tapping(self-drilling,self-piercing)screw threaw
  木螺钉螺纹 wood screw thread
  米制螺纹 metric thread
  米制细牙螺纹 metric fine pitch thread
  寸制螺纹 inch thread
  统一螺纹 unified screw thread
  管螺纹 pipe thread
3 头部形状 head form
  六角头 hexagon head
  六角头 垫圈面 hexagon head with washer
  六角头 凸缘 hexagon head with collar
  六角头 法兰面 hexagon head with flange
  方头 square head
  方头 凸缘 square head with collar
  三角头 凸缘 triangle head with collar
  八角头 oct agonal head
  圆头 round head
  扁圆头 mushroom head(truss head)
  圆柱头 cheese head
  术语 terms
  球面圆柱头 raised cheese head(fillister head)
  盘头 pan head
  沉头 countersunk head(flat head)
  半沉头 raised countersunk head(oval head)
  球面扁圆柱头 binding head
4 杆部形式 shank form
  标准杆 normal shank
  细杆 reduced shank
  腰状杆 waisted shank
  加强杆 increased shank
  轴肩 shoulder
  方颈 square neck
6 扳拧特征 wrenching feature
  六角 hexagon
  四方 square
  三角 triangle head with collar
  八角 octagon
  内六角 hexagon socket
  内四角 square socket
  内三角 triangle socket
  开槽 slot
  十字槽 cross recess
  翼型 wing
  直纹滚花 staraight knurl
  网纹滚花 diamond knurl
  十字孔 cross hole
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
  术语 terms
1 钢铁材料 steel material
1.1 iron
  生铁 pig iron
  锰铁 ferromanganese
  硅铁 ferrosilicon
  铬铁 ferrochromium
  钨铁 ferrothungsten
  钼铁 ferromolybdenum
  钒铁 ferrpvanadium
  硼铁 ferroboron
  磷铁 ferrophosphorus
  铁合金 feero alloy
1.2 铸铁 cast iron
  合金铸铁 alloy cast iron
  白口铸铁 white cast iron
  灰口铸铁 gray cast iron
  球墨铸铁 spheroidizing graphite cast iron(ductile iron or nodular iron)
  可锻铸铁 malleable cast iron
  冷硬铸铁 chilled iron
1.3 碳(素)钢 carbon steel
  高碳钢 high-carbon steel
  中碳钢 medium-carbon steel
  低碳钢 low-carbon steel
  软钢 mild steel
  碳素结构钢 carbon structural steel
  碳素工具钢 carbon tool steel
  沸腾钢 rimmed steel
  镇静钢 killed steel
  半镇静钢 semi-killed steel
  普通钢 plain carbon steel
  优质钢 high-quality steel
1.4 合金钢 alloy steel
  合金结构钢 alloy structural steel
  深冲钢(冷冲压钢) deep drawing steel
  易切削钢 free cutting steel
  渗碳钢 carburized steel
  调质钢 quenched and tempered steel
  弹簧钢 spring steel
  热轧弹簧钢 hot rolled spring steel
  冷轧弹簧钢 cold rolled spring steel
  工具钢 tool steel
  合金工具钢 alloy tool steel
  高速钢 high speed steel
  不锈钢 stainless steel
  术语 terms
1.5 型钢 section steel
  圆钢 round steel
  方钢 square steel
  扁钢 flat steel
  工字钢 i-beam(joist steel or flanged beam)
  槽钢 chanel beam(channel steel)
  六角钢 hexagonal steel
  银亮钢 polished round steel
  冷镦钢 cold heading steel
  等边角钢 equal-leg angel steel
1.6 钢板和钢带 steel plate and strip
  钢板 steel plate
  钢带 steel strip
  薄钢板 steel sheet
  深冲钢板 deep drawing sheet
  涂(镀)层钢板 coated steel sheet
  镀锌薄钢板 galvanized sheet
  高强度薄钢板 high strength steel sheet
  冷轧钢带 cold rolled strip
  热轧钢带 hot rolled strip
1.7 钢管 steel tube
  无缝钢管 seamless steel tube
  复合管 clad pipe(composite tube)
  异型管 special section tube
  冷轧管 cold rolled tube
  冷拔管 cold drawn tube
  焊接钢管 welded steel pipe
  直缝钢管 butt-welded pipe
1.8 钢丝和钢丝绳 steel wire and wire rope
  琴钢丝 piano wire
  弹簧钢丝 spring steel wire
  钢丝绳 wire rope
  圆钢丝 round steel wire
  方钢丝 square steel wire
  六角钢丝 hexagonal steel wire
2 金属塑性(压力)加工 plastic working of metal
  扎制 rolling
  热轧 hot rolling
  冷轧 cold rolling
  锻造 forging
  挤压 extrusion
  板材冲压 sheet metal pressing
  拔制(拉延) drawing
  旋压 spinning
  术语 terms
  冷拉(冷拔)(cd cold drawing
3 油漆 paint
  涂料 coatings
  面漆 top coat(finish)
  喷漆 lacquer
  电泳底漆 electrophoretic primer
  环氧电泳底漆 epoxy resin electrophoretic primer
  头道底漆 primer
  末道底漆 finish primer
  硝基底漆 nitrocellulose primer
  磷化底漆 etch primer
  硝基面漆 nitrocellulose enamel
  防蚀漆 anticorrosive paint
  防污漆 antifouling paint
  防锈漆 antirust paint
  沥青漆 bituminous paint
  清油 stand oil(boiled oil)
  清漆 varnish
  罩光清漆 finish varnish(clear top coat)
  调和漆 ready mixed paint
  底漆 priming paint
  烘漆 baking paint
  瓷漆 enamel paint
  腻子 putty
  聚氨酯沥青漆 polyurethane bituminous paint
  酚醛树脂涂料 phenolic resin coatings
  醇酸树脂涂料 alkyd resin coatings
  氨基树脂涂料 amino resin coatings
  丙烯酸树脂涂料 acrylic resin coatings
  环氧树脂涂料 epoxy resin coatings
  富锌底漆 zinc rich primer
  自干修补漆 air dry enamel
  催干剂 drier
4 橡胶 rubber
  天然橡胶(生胶)(nr natural rubber
  再生胶 regenerated rubber(reclaimed rubber)
  合成橡胶 synthetic rubber
  硫化橡胶 vulcanized rubber
  海绵橡胶 sponge rubber
  热塑像胶 thermoplastic rubber
  发泡橡胶 foam rubber
  改性橡胶 modified rubber
  软橡胶 soft rubber
  氯丁橡胶 chloroprene rubber
  术语 terms
  氯磺化聚乙烯橡胶 chlorosulfonated polyethylene rubber
  氟橡胶 fluororubber (fluoroelastomer)
  氟硅橡胶 fluorosilicone rubber
  硅橡胶 silicone rubber
  液体硅橡胶(lsr liquid silicone rubber
  室温硫化橡胶 room temperature vulcanization silicone rubber(rtv silicone rubber)
  乙丙橡胶(epr ethylene-propylene rubber
  三元乙丙橡胶(epdm ethylene-propylene-diene-terpolymer rubber
  聚酯橡胶 polyester rubber
  聚丙烯酸酯橡胶 polyacrylate rubber
  乙烯乙酸乙烯酯(eva)橡胶 ethylene vinyl acetate rubber
  氯醚橡胶 epichlorohydrin rubber
  丁腈橡胶(nbr nitrile butadiene rubber
  丁苯橡胶(sbr styrene butadiene rubber
5 树脂和塑料 resin and plastic
  聚乙烯(pe) poluethlene
  聚丙烯(pp) polypropylene
  聚丁烯 polybutylene
  聚苯乙烯(ps) polystyrene
  聚氯乙烯(pvc0 polyvinyl chloride
  聚四氟乙烯(ptfe) polytetrafluoroehylene
  聚丙烯酸酯 polyacrylate
  聚对苯二甲酸丁二酯(pbt) polybutylene terephthalate
  聚甲醛(pom) polyormaldehyde
  聚酰胺(尼龙) polyamide(nylon)
  聚氨酯(pu) polyurethane
  聚碳酸酯(pc) polycarbonate
  聚酯 polyester
  聚砜(psf) polysulfone
  聚对苯二甲酸乙二酯(pet) polyethylene terephthalate
  聚苯硫醚(pps) polyphenylene sulfide
  丙烯腈-丁二烯-苯乙烯共聚物(abs共聚物) acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer
  树脂 resin
  合成树脂 synthetic resin
  人造树脂 artificial resin
  酚醛树脂(pf) phenol-formaldehyed resin
  环氧树脂(ep) epoxy resin
  塑料 plastics
  氨基塑料 amind plastics
  氟塑料 fluoroplastics
  三聚腈胺(密胺)塑料 melamine plastics
  缩醛塑料 acetal plastics
  烃类塑料 hydrocarbon plastics
  烯丙基塑料 allyl plastics
  术语 terms
  有机硅塑料 silicone plastics
  纤维素塑料 cellulose plastics
  机械发泡塑料 mechanically foamed plastics
  化学发泡塑料 chemically foamed plastics
  泡沫塑料(微孔塑料) foamed plastics(cellular plastics)
  热固性塑料 thermosetting plastics
  热塑性塑料 thermoplastics
  硬质塑料 rigid plastics
  半硬质塑料 semirigid plastics
  软质塑料 nonrigid plastics
  再生塑料 reworking plastic
  玻璃纤维增强塑料(frp fiberglass reinforced plastics
  注射成型塑料 injected molded plastics
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
  术语 terms
1 胶(胶粘剂、粘合剂) adhesive
  密封胶 sealing adhesive
  厌氧胶 anaerobic adhesive
  压敏胶(不干胶) pressure-sensitive adhesive
  压敏胶带 pressure-sensitive adhesive tape
  胶带(胶粘带) adhesive tape
  双面压敏胶带 two face pressure-sensitive adhesive tape
  丁基橡胶胶粘剂 butyl rubber adhesive]
  热熔胶 hot melt adhesibe
  热敏胶粘剂 temperature setting adhesive
  水基胶粘剂 water-based adhesive
  万能胶(环氧树脂胶粘剂) all-purpose adhesive(epoxy adhesive)
  室温固化胶粘剂 room temperature setting adhesive
  热固性胶粘剂 thermosetting resin adhesive(thermosetting adhesive)
  热塑性胶粘剂 thermoplastic adhesive
  复合型胶粘剂 mixed adhesive
  特种胶粘剂 special adhesive
  无机胶粘剂 inorganic adhesive
  聚氨酯密封剂 polyurethane sealant
  热膨胀密封胶 heat expandable sealer
  高粘度胶粘剂 high viscosity adhesive
  防震胶 deadener
  丙烯酸树脂胶粘剂 acrylic resin adhesive
  结构型胶粘剂 structural adhesive
  金属胶粘剂 metal mastic adhesive
2 燃料及润滑剂 fuel and lubricant
  汽油 gasoline(petrol)
  含铅汽油 leaded gasoline
  无铅汽油 unleaded gasoline
  柴油 diesel
  辛烷值 octane
  柴油指数 number
  煤油 kerosine
  油、石油 oil
  重工况润滑油 heaby-duty oil
  润滑脂 grease
  发动机油 engine oil
  齿轮油 gear oil
  压缩机机油 compressor oil
  双曲线齿轮油 hypoid gear oil
  油的添加剂 oil additive
  钙基润滑脂 calcium base grease
  钠基润滑脂 sodium base grease
  锂基润滑脂 lithium base grease
  术语 terms
  制动液 braking fluid
  凡士林 vaseline
  润滑性 lubraicity
  油的粘度等级 oil vicosity rating
  粘度指数 viscosity index
  抗爆剂 anti-knock compound
  清净剂 detergent
  洗涤剂 cleaner
  稠化剂 thickener
  泡沫抑制剂 foaming inhibitor
  消泡剂 anti-foaming additive
  冷却液 coolant
  防冻剂 freezing inhibitor
  防冻添加剂 anti-freeze additive
  多效添加剂 multipurpose additive
  抗氧化剂 oxidation inhibitor,anti-oxidant
  缓蚀剂 corrosion inhibitor
3 其它 others
  溶剂 solvent
  荧光染色剂 florescence dye
  脱脂剂 rinse
  合成蜡 synthetic wax
  添加剂 addtion agent
  清洗剂 wash solution
  去垢剂 detergent
  稀释剂 diluent
  光亮剂 brightener
  预清洗剂 preclean agent
  补加剂 replenisher
  促进剂(催化剂) accelerator
  调节剂 conditioner
  防锈剂 rust preventer
  抛光剂 polshing agent
  溶液 solution
  稀料 thinner
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
  术语 terms
1 充电系统 charging system
1.1 交流发电机总成 alternator assembly
  定子总成 stator assembly
  转子总成 rotor assembly
  前盖 front end of shield
  后盖 rear end of shield
  前轴承 front bearing
  后轴承 rear bearing
  电压调节器 voltage regulator
  插接器 connector
  电刷 brush
  整流器 rectifier
  插座 socket
  b”接线柱 battery terminal
  n”接线柱 neutral terminal
  输出特性曲线 output characteristic curve
  最大输出电流 maximum output current
  空载转速 cut-in speed
  负载转速 load speed
  调节电压 regulating voltage
1.2 蓄电池 battery
  正极接线柱 positive terminal
  负极接线柱 negative terminal
  正极板 positive plate
  负极板 negative plate
  极板组 battery plate group
  蓄电池导线 battery wire
  蓄电池电缆 battery cable
  蓄电池托盘 battery tray
  蓄电池支撑板 battery support strap
  蓄电池壳体 battery case
  电解液 electrolyte
1.3 动力分配中心 power distribution center(pdc)
  动力分配中心上盖 pdc top cover
  动力分配中心外壳 pdc housing
  冷却风扇控制继电器 raditor fan control relay
  燃油泵继电器 fuel pump relay
  防抱死制动系统泵电机继电器 abs pump motor relay
  空调压缩机离合器继电器 a/c compressor clutch relay
  自动断路继电器 automatic shut down relay
  防抱死制动系统继电器 abs power relay
2 起动系统 starting system
  起动机总成 starter assembly]
  单向离合器(超越离合器) overrunning clutch
  术语 terms
  前驱动端盖 driver end shield
  驱动拔叉 shift fork
  电磁开关 solenoid switch
  吸引线圈 pull-in winding
  保持线圈 holding winding
  推杆 pull rod
  接线柱 terminal
  活动触盘 moving contractor
  后端盖 rear end cover
  换向器 commutator
  电刷及支架 carbon brush&brush holder
  起动机壳 starter housing
  永久磁铁 permenent magnet
  电枢 armature
  行星齿轮减速器 planetary gear reducer
  驱动齿轮 drive gear
  衬套 bushing
  电枢轴 armature shaft
  电磁线圈接线柱 solenoid feed terminal
  蓄电池接线柱 battery terminal
  最大电流 maximum current
  最小转速 minimum speed
  最小冷起动电压 minimum cold cranking voltage
3 点火系统 ignition system
  有触点点火系统 contact-controlled ignition system
  无触点点火系统 breakless ignition system
3.1 火花塞 spark plug
  火花间隙 spark gap
  电极间隙 electrode gap
  火花电压 spark voltage
  火花电流 spark current
  火花持续时间 spark duration
  过热 overheating
  油污 oil fouling
  积碳 carbon deposit
3.2 点火线分离器总成 ignition wire separator assembly
  点火线分离器 ignition wire separator
  高压点火线 ignition high tension wire
  火花塞高压线 spark plug wire
  火花塞高压线护圈 spark plug wire shield
3.3 点火线圈 ignition coil
  点火线圈支架 ignition coil bracket
  低压线连接器 primary wire connector
  线圈高压线 coil cable
  术语 terms
  点火组件 ignition module
3.4 分电器 distrbutor
  分电器盖 distrbutor cover
  分火头 distrbutor rotor
  脉冲环 pulse ring
  分电器轴 distributor shaft
  分电器壳 distributor housing
  分电器驱动齿轮 driver gear
  分电器开关板 distributor switch
3.5 发动机系统传感器 engine system sensor
  凸轮轴位置传感器 camshaft position sensor
  曲轴位置传感器 crankshaft position sensor
  发动机冷却温度传感器 engine coolant temperature sensor
  进气歧管空气温度传感器 intake manifold air temperature sensor
  歧管绝对压力传感器 manifold absolute pressure(map)sensor
  氧传感器 oxygen sensor
  节气门位置传感器 throttle position sensor
  环境温度传感器 ambient temperature sensor
  发动机油压传感器 engine oil pressure sensor
  蓄电池温度传感器 battery temperature sensor
  车速传感器 vehicle speed sensor
  距离传感器 distance sensor
4 音响系统 audio system
  立体收音机 stereo cassette radio
  盒式磁带调频调幅立体声收放机 am/fm stereo type radio
  天线 antenna
  天线杆 antenna mast
  天线安装垫圈 antenna pad
  天线螺母 antenna nut
  天线座电缆 antenna base cable
  电动天线 power antenna
  电动天线安装支架 power antenna mounting bracket
  左前门扬声器 left front door speaker
  右前门扬声器 right front door speaker
  举升门左侧扬声器 left liftgate speaker
  举升门右侧扬声器 right liftgate speaker
  仪表板左扬声器 left instrument panel speaker
  仪表板右扬声器 right instrument panel speaker
  高音扬声器 tweeter speaker
  低音扬声器 woofer speaker
  防水扬声器 waterproof peaker
5 喇叭和点烟器 horn&cigar lighter
  高音喇叭 high pitch horn
  低音喇叭 low pitch horn
  术语 terms
  喇叭开关 horn switch
  点烟器 cigar lighter
  点烟器按钮 cigar lighter knob
  点烟器加热装置 cigar lighter heating unit
  点烟器盖 cigar lighter cover
  点烟器外壳 cigar lighter shell
  外壳夹子 shell clamp
6 灯光和信号系统 lamp&signal lamp
6.1 外部车灯 exterior lamp
  前罩灯 headlamp
  前位灯 front position lamp
  转向信号灯 turn signal lamp
  雾灯 foglight
  后位灯 rear position lamp
  倒车灯 backup lamp
  驻车灯 parking lamp
  侧位灯 side marker lamp
  制动灯 stop lamp
  高位制动灯 center high mounted stop lamp(chmsl)
  反射器 retro-reflector
  危险报警闪光灯 hazard warning lamp
  牌照灯 license plate lamp
6.2 内部车灯 interior lamp
  顶灯 dome lamp
  踏步灯 courtesy lamp
  杂物箱灯 glove box lamp
  货舱灯 cargo lamp
  发动机舱灯 underhood lamp
  阅读灯 reading lamp
  分动器照明灯 transfer case illumination lamp
  空调加热器照明灯 a/c heater illumination lamp
  仪表板照明灯 instrument panel illumination lamp
  点火开关灯 ignition switch lamp
  遮阳板化妆镜灯 visor vanity mirror lamp
6.3 指示灯 indicator lamp
  烟灰缸灯 ash receiver lamp
  点烟器灯 cigar lighter lamp
  制动报警顶 brake warning lamp
  四轮驱动指示灯 4wd indicator lamp
  维修要求指示灯 maintenance requirement lamp
  发动机检测灯 engine check lamp
  换高档指示灯 upshift indicator lamp
  冷却液温度报警灯 coolant temperature warning lamp
  低燃油报警灯 low fuel warning lamp
  术语 terms
  洗涤液面指示灯 low washer fluid indicator lamp
  暖风/空调控制器灯 heater&a/c control lamp
  安全指示灯 security indicator lamp
  座椅安全带报警灯 seat belt indicator warning lamp
  机油压力报警灯 oil pressure warning lamp
  防抱死制动系统检测灯 anti-lock brake system lamp
  防抱死制动系统报警灯 abs warning lamp
  防抱死系统泵指示灯 abs pump lamp
  远光指示灯 high beam indicator lamp
  雾灯开关灯 fog lamp switch lamp
  转向信号指示灯 turn signal indicator lamp
  后窗加热器开关灯 heated rear window switch lamp
  安全气囊指示灯 airbag indicator lamp
  灯座 lamp socket
  灯框 lamp bezel
  灯壳 lamp housing
  灯罩 lamp shield
  灯配光镜 lamp lens
  灯泡 bulb
7 仪表 instrument
  组合仪表 instrument cluster assembly
  表蒙 cluster lens
  仪表框架 cluster bezel
  组合仪表壳 cluster housing
  指示灯显示板 tell-tales display
  低燃油报警灯框 low fuel warning indicator bezel
  低燃油报警灯透片 low fuel warning indicator lens
  低燃油报警组件 low fuel warning module
  指示灯印刷电路板 tell-tales printed circuit
  仪表印刷电路板 gauge printed circuit
  温度表 temperature gauge
  燃油表 fuel gauge
  车速里程表 speedometer
  油压表 oil pressure gauge
  电压表 vol tmeter
  转速表 tachometer
8 线束 wiring
  发动机线束 engine wiring
  前照灯前围线束 headlamp&dash wiring
  电动风扇线束 power fan wiring
  传动线束 transmission wiring
  分动器线束 transfer wiring
  车身右侧线束 body right side wiring
  车身左侧线束 body left side wiring
  术语 terms
  横过车身线束 cross body wiring
  左前门线束 left front door wiring
  右前门线束 right front door wiring
  门开关跨接线束 door switch jumper wiring
  后门开关线束 rear door switch wiring
  前门扬声器线束 front door speaker wiring
  顶灯线束 dome lamp wiring
  无钥匙进入线束 remote key entry wiring
  通道线束 console illumine wiring
  车身到举升门线束 body to liftgate wiring
  车身至发动机搭铁线 body to engine ground wiring
  举升门线束 liftgate wiring
  前端灯线束 front end lighting wiring
  仪表板线束 instrument panel wiring
  仪表板至车身线束 instrument panel to body wiring
  转向管柱线束 steering column wiring
  电动机座椅线束 power seat wirng
  高位制动灯线束 chmsl wiring
  防抱死制动系统线束 abs wiring
9 小功率电动机 small power motor
  燃油泵电动机 fuel pump
  散热器风扇电动机 radiator fan motor
  风窗玻璃刮水器电动机 windshield wiper motor
  举升门刮水器电动机 liftgate wiper motor
  洗涤泵电动机 washer pump motor
  玻璃升降器电动机 window lift motor
  暖风电动机 heater motor
  鼓风机电动机 blower motor
  暖风鼓风机电动机 heater blower motor
  天线电动机 antenna motor
  座椅调节电动机 seat adjustment motor
  电动后视镜电动机 power mirror motor
  电动门窗电动机 power window motor
  前门锁电动机 front door lock motor
  后门锁电动机 rear door rock motor
  电动座椅电动机 power seat motor
  举升门锁电动机 liftgate lock motor
  举升门电动机 liftgate motor
  制动防抱死泵电动机 abs pump motor
  怠速空气控制电动机 idle air control motor
  润滑 lubrcating motor
10 开关 switch
  倒车灯开关 backup lamp switch
  制动灯开关 stop lamp 
  术语 terms
  前罩灯开关 headlamp switch
  前罩灯变光开关 headlamp dimmer switch
  发动机舱灯开关 underhood lamp switch
  危险报警灯开关 hazard warning lamp switch
  门踏步灯开关 door courtesy light switch
  机油压力开关 oil pressure switch
  进气加热器温控开关 intake heater temperature switch
  冷却液温度开关 coolant fluid temperature switch
  驻车/空档位置开关 park/neutral position switch
  动力转向压力开关 power steering pressure switch
  点火开关 ignition switch
  车辆速度控制开关 vehicle speed control switch
  四轮驱动开关 four-wheel driver(4wd)switch
  转向信号开关 turn signal switch
  制动报警开关 brake warning switch
  座椅安全带开关 seat belt switch
  喇叭开关 horn switch
  蜂鸣器开关 buzzer switch
  举升门开关 liftgate switch
  举升门钥匙开关 liftgate key switch
  刮水器/洗涤器开关 wiper/washer switch
  低洗涤液面开关 low waher fluid lamp switch
  后窗加热器开关 heater rear window switch]
  空调状态选择开关 a/c mode select switch
  空调低压开关 a/c low pressure switch
  空调高压开关 a/c high pressure switch
  恒温开关 thermostatic switch
  鼓风机电动机开关 blower motor switch
  暖风鼓风机电动机开关 heater blower motor switch
  暖风状态开关 heater mode switch
  空调循环开关 a/c cycling switch
  鼓风机加热器开关 heater blower switch
  电动风扇温控开关 power fan control switch
  电动后视镜开关 power mirror switch
  电动门锁开关 power door lock switch
  电动门窗开关 power window switch
  电动座椅开关 power seat switch
  点火钥匙报警开关 ignition key-in warning switch
  发动机罩控制开关 hood control switch
  后窗除霜器开关 rear window defogger switch
11 控制组件 control module
  发动机控制组件 engine control module(ecm)
  传动系统控制组件 powertrain control module
  变速器控制组件 transmission control module
  术语 terms
  防抱死制动系统控制组件 anti-lock brake control moule
  点火组件 ignition module
  无钥匙进入组件 remote key enter module
  前罩灯延时组件 headlamp delay module
  日间行车灯组件 daytime running module
  间歇式刮水器控制组件 intermittent wiper control module
  前罩灯继电器控制组件 headlamp relay module
  谐音器/蜂鸣器控制组件 chime/buzzer control module
  安全器囊控制组件 airbag control module
12 其它 others
  插接器 connector
  插头 terminal
  插接器护套 insulator
  熔断器 fuse
  熔断器板 fuse panel
  熔断器盒 fuse block
  电路断电器 circuit breaker
  危险报警闪光器 hazard warning flasher
  转向信号闪光器 turn signal flasher
  复合式闪光器 combination flasher
  继电器 delay
  电阻 resistor
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
  术语 terms
1 铰链 hinge
1.1 车门铰链 door hinge
  前车门铰链 front door hinge
  后车门铰链 rear door hinge
  车身铰链 body hinge half
  门板铰链 door hinge half
  铰链轴 hinge pin
  铰链轴衬套 hinge pin bushing
  铰链垫片 hinge shim plate
  铰链调整垫片 hinge shim
  车门限位器 door check pillar(door restraint)
  限位器支架 door check bracket
  车门限位销 door check pin
1.2 举升门铰链 liftgate hinge
  铰链到车顶垫片 hinge to header shim
  车身铰链垫片 body hinge half shim
  举升门支撑杆 liftgate support rod
  举升门支撑球头螺栓 liftgate support ball stud
1.3 机罩(盖)铰链 hood bracket
  机罩(盖)铰链支架 hood hinge bracket
  机罩(盖)铰链压板 hood hinge plate
  机罩(盖)铰链调整垫片 hood hinge shim
2 门锁 door latch
2.1 前、后车门锁 front & rear door latch
  锁闩 latch striker
  锁闩支架 latch striker bracket
  锁芯 lock cylinder
  锁芯拉杆 latch to lock cylinder rod
  外手柄拉杆 outside handle to lantch rod
  内手柄拉板 inside handle to lantch rod
  拉杆套管 rod sleeve
  后门儿童防护锁 rear door childguard latch
  门锁底板 door latch plate
  门锁棘轮 door latch ratchet
  门锁棘轮弹簧 door latch ratchet spring
  门锁棘抓 door latch pawl
  门锁棘抓弹簧 door latch pawl spring
  门锁棘抓缓冲块 door latch pawl bumper
  门锁棘抓超载缓冲块 override door latch pawl bumper
  门锁棘抓衬垫 door latch pawl spacer
  门锁外开杠杆 door latch outside release lever
  门锁内开杠杆 door latch inside release lever
  门锁开启杠杆滑块 door latch locking lever slide
  门锁开启杠杆缓冲块 door latch release lever bumper
  术语 terms
  门锁开启可调杠杆 door latch release adjustment lever
  门锁内锁止杠杆 door latch inside locking lever
  门锁锁止杠杆驱动器 door latch inside locking lever actuator
  门锁锁止杠杆弹簧 door latch inside locking lever spring
  门锁壳体 door latch housing
  门锁嵌入盒体 door latch wedge block
  门锁锁闩缓冲块 door latch striker bumper
  门锁滑板弹簧 door latch slide spring
  门锁滑板杠杆缓冲块 door latch slide lever bumper
  门锁弹簧 door latch spring
  门锁衬垫 door latch spacer
  门锁垫片 door latch washer
  门锁止开关拉杆 inside locking control rod
2.2 举升门锁 liftgate latch
  举升门锁闩总成 liftgate latch striker assembly
  锁闩 latch striker
  锁闩底板 latch plate
  举升门锁闩垫片 liftgate latch shim
2.3 机罩(盖)锁 hood latch
  机罩(盖)锁闩总成 hood latch striker assembly
  机罩(盖)锁支撑杆 hood support rod
  机罩(盖)锁支撑杆支架 hood support rod braket
  机罩(盖)锁连杆 hood latch connecting rod
  连杆回位弹簧 connecting rod return spring
  机罩(盖)安全锁钩 hood safety catch
  机罩(盖)安全锁钩锁闩 hood safety catch striker
  机罩(盖)内开拉线 hood release cable
  内开拉线摇臂 hood release cable bellcrank
2.4 锁芯组件 lock sets
  钥匙毛坯 key master
  锁芯总成 lock cylinder assembly
  锁芯拔片 door lock lever
  锁芯垫片 door lock gasket
  车门锁芯 door lock cylinder
  举升门锁芯 liftgate lock cylinder
  杂物箱锁芯 glovebox lock cylinder
  点火锁芯 ignition lock cylinder
  电动门锁驱动器 power door latch actuator
  驱动器安装支架 actuator mounting bracket
  驱动器到门锁拉杆 actuator to latch rod
  杆端卡圈 rod end clip
2.6 电动举升门锁驱动器 power liftgate latch actuator
  电动举升门锁驱动器拉杆 power liftgate latch actuator rod
2.7 门锁遥控器 keyless entry transmitter
  术语 terms
3 车门手柄 door handle
3.1 车门外手柄 outer door handle
  前门外手柄 front door outside handle
  后门外手柄 rear door outside handle
  外手柄按钮 outside handle button
  外手柄按钮垫片 outside handle button gasket
  外手柄按钮弹簧 outside handle button spring
  外手柄按钮衬套 outside handle button bushing
  外手柄按钮推杆 outside handle button push rod
  外手柄杆杆 outside handle bellcrank
  外手柄杆杆弹簧 outside handle bellcrank spring
  外手柄杆杆支架 outside handle bellcrank bracket
  锁闩防护罩 sriker shield
3.2 内手柄 inside remote release handle
  内手柄罩 inside remote release handle cup
  内手柄回位弹簧 inside remote release handle return spring
  内手柄开关销轴 inside remote release handle pin
  内手柄拉杆 inside release to latch rod
  内锁止拉杆 inside lock to latch rod
  内锁止按钮 inside locking control button
  内锁止按钮垫片 inside locking control button washer
  内锁止按钮杆位 inside locking control botton rod
3.3 举升门锁芯手柄 liftgate lock cylinder handle
  举升门锁芯手柄垫片 liftgate lock cylinder handle knob
3.4 玻璃升降器手柄 window regulator handle
  玻璃升降器手柄把 window regulator handle knob
  玻璃升降器手柄垫圈 window regulator handle spacer
4 后视镜 view mirror
4.1 外后视镜 outside rearview mirror
  车外调节外后视镜 manual outside rearview mirror
  车内调节外后视镜 remote control outside rearview mirror
  外后视镜安装垫 outside rearview mirror mounting gasket
  外后视镜罩 outside rearview mirror cover
  外后视镜罩垫 outside rearview mirror cover gasket
  电动外后视镜 electric outside rearview mirror support
4.2 内后视镜 inside rearview mirror
  内后视镜支撑 inside rearview mirror support
5 玻璃升降器 window regulator
  前门手动玻璃升降器 front door manual window regulator
  后门手动玻璃升降器 rear door manual window fegulator
  手动玻璃升降器夹板 manual window regulator lockplate
  手动玻璃升降器夹板垫圈 manual window regulator lockplate washer
  手动玻璃升降器夹板螺母 manual window regulator lockplate nut
  升降器支撑板 window regulator strap
  术语 terms
  前门电动玻璃升降器 front door electric window regulator
  后门电动玻璃升降器 rear door electric window regulator
  电动玻璃升降器电机 electric window regulator motor
  电动玻璃升降器驱动缆 electric window regulator drive cable
  电动玻璃升降器锁止片 electric window regulator retainer
  电动玻璃升降器支撑板 electric window regulator strap
6 刮水器 wahser
7.1 风窗玻璃洗涤器 windshield washer
  洗涤泵 wahser pump
  洗涤器储水罐 wahser reservoir
  储水灌盖 washer reservoir cap
  储水灌托架 washer reservoir bracket
  储水灌夹子 washer reservoir clip
  过滤器 washer filter
  喷嘴 nozzle
  洗涤软管 washer hose
7.2 后窗玻璃洗涤器 rear window washer
  后窗玻璃洗涤泵 rear window washer pump
  后窗玻璃洗涤器软管 rear window washer hose
8 暖风空调系统 heating&air conditioning system
8.1 暖风装置 heating unit
8.1.1 加热器 heater
  加热器芯 heater core
8.1.2 水阀 water valve
  阀体 water valve body
  阀门 valve gate
8.1.3 暖风管路 jeater plumbing
  水阀至加热器芯供水管 water valve to heater core supply hose
  加热器芯至水阀回水软管 heater core to water valve return hose
  节温器至水阀软管 thermostat to water valve hose
  水阀至水泵软管 water valve to water pump hose
  软管加箍 hose clamp
  编织套 sleeve
8.2 通风装置 ventilator
  鼓风机总成 blower assembly
  鼓风机叶轮 blower wheel
  鼓风电机 blower motor
  鼓风机电阻器 blower motor resistor
  鼓风机冷却管 blower cooling tube
  鼓风机和蒸发器壳体 blower&evaporator housing
  鼓风机和蒸发器壳盖 blower&evaporator housing cover
  加热器壳 heater housing
  加热器壳盖 heater housing cover
  空气进口 air inlet duct
  术语 terms
  仪表板风门 instrument panel damper
  内循环风门 recalculation air damper
  混合风门 blend air damper
  除霜风门 defroster damper
  地板暖风门 floor heat damper
  风门轴 damper pivot shaft
  除霜真空马达 vacuum defroster motor
  地板真空马达 vacuum floor motor
  仪表板真空马达 vacuum i/p motor
  除雾板 defogger bezel
  除雾板热风导管 defogger duct
  除雾热风导板 defogger air duct panel
  外气室 outside air housing
  暖风地板风道(带中央通道) heater floor duct w/console
  暖风地板风道(不带中央通道) heater floor duct w/o console
  暖风通道 heater duct
  鼓风纪至托架导管 blower to console duct
  出风板 air outer bezel
  仪表板风口 instrument panel air outlet
  除雾风口 defogger
  出风口 air outlet
  送风口 air supply dnaught
8.3 制冷装置 cooler
8.3.1 空调压缩机 a/c compressor
  口径 diameter
  冲程 stroke
  排量 displacement
  制冷剂 refrigerant
  润滑油量 lubricant capacity
  压缩机安装支架 compressor mounting bracket
  驱动轴 drive shaft
  斜板 wobble plate
  止推轴承 thrust bearing
  定位轴 fix shaft
  气缸体 cylinder block
  缸盖 cylinder head
  活塞 piston
  阀片 valve flap
  密封垫 gasket
  护板 protect panel
  维修阀接口 connector of service valve
  注油塞 fill plug
  前板 front panel
  弹簧片 spring piece
  术语 terms
8.3.2 压缩机离合器 compressor clutch
  离合器压盘 clutch plate
  离合器垫片 clutch shim
  卡环 snap ring
  皮带轮 pulley
  离合器线圈 clutch coil
8.3.3 冷凝器 condenser
  冷凝器芯 condenser core
  冷凝器安装支架 condenser mounting bracket
8.3.4 贮液干燥器 receive drier
  视镜 sight glass
  低压开关 low pressure
  干燥剂 drier
  壳体 receiver drier housing
  滤网 filter screen
  安全阀 relief valve
  阀体 valve body
  阀座 valve socket
  阀弹簧 valve spring
  plug
8.3.5 蒸发器 evaporator
  蒸发器芯 evaporator core
  蒸发器壳排水管 evaporator housing drain tube
8.3.6 空调软管 a/c hose
  冷凝器至贮液器软管 condenser to receiver hose
  空调排气软管 a/c discharge hose
  贮液器至蒸发器软管 receiver to evaporator hose
  空调吸气软管 a/c suction hose
  膨胀阀至压缩机软管 expansion valve to compressor hose
  冷凝器至膨胀阀软管 condensor to expansion valve hose
  压缩机至冷凝器软管 compressor to condenser hose
  冷凝器执蒸发器软管 condenser to evaporator hose
8.3.7 膨胀阀 expansion valve 
  阀座 valve seat
  球阀 ball valve
  推杆 push bar
  阀弹簧 valve spring
  阀体 expansion valve body
  膨胀阀盒 expansion box
8.4 空调控制装置 a/c control
  歧管真空连接器 manifold vacuum fitting
  真空罐 vacuum reservoir
  真空分配器 vacuum distributor
  真空管 vacuum supply line
  术语 terms
  真空检查阀 vacuum pump
  空调暖风控制器 vacuum check valve
  空调电子温控开关 a/c&heater control
  温控拉线 a/c electronic thermostat control
  拉杆 bar
9 其它 others
9.1 牌照支架 license plate bracket
  前牌照支架 front license plate bracket
  后牌照支架 rear license plate bracket
  牌照板缓冲件 license plate cushion
9.2 机罩(盖)内拉线 hood release cable
9.3 车顶操纵座 overhead console
  无钥匙进入组件 keyless entry mouding
  无钥匙进入组件本体 keyless entry housing
  无钥匙进入报警系统 keyless entry alarm system
9.4 电动门窗开关板 power window switch bezel
  开关和框板总称 switch&bezel assembly
  框板复面 bezel overlay
  电动门窗开关 power window switch
  电动门锁开关 power door latch switch
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
  术语 terms
1 车辆类型 vehicle type
  道路车辆 road vehicle
  商用车辆 commercial vehicle
  机动车辆 motor vehicle
  前驱动车辆 front drive vehicle
  后驱动车辆 rear drive vehicle
  全驱动车辆 all wheel drive vehicle
  发动机前置车辆 vehicle with front engine
  发动机后置车辆 vehicle with rear engine
  发动机中置车辆 vehicle with central engine
  发动机下置车辆 vehicle with underfloor engine
  内燃机汽车 internal combustion engine vehicle
  电动汽车 electric vehicle
  天然气汽车 natural gas vehicle(ngv)
  太阳能汽车 solar power vehicle
  汽车列车 automobile train
  多用途乘用车 multipurpose passenger vehicle(mpv)
1.1 载货汽车 truck
  微型货车 minitruck
  轻型货车 light truck
  中型货车 medium truck
  重型货车 heavy truck
  小型货车 pick-up
1.2 越野汽车 off-road vehicle
  轻型越野汽车 light off-road vehicle
  中型越野汽车 medium off-road vehicle
  重型越野汽车 heavy off-road vehicle
  超重型油液汽车 extra heavy off-road vehicle
1.3 自卸汽车 dump truck
1.4 牵引汽车 towing vehicle
  全挂牵引汽车 full-trailer towing vehicle
  半挂牵引汽车 semi-trailer towing vehicle
1.5 专用汽车 special purpose vehicle
1.5.1 厢式汽车 van
  救护车 ambulance
  保温车 insulated van
  冷藏车 refrigerated van
  电视转播车 tv relaying vehicle
  邮件运输车 mail carrier
  囚车 prison van
1.5.2 罐式汽车 tanker
  运油车 fuel tanker
  酸罐车 acid tanker
  混凝土搅拌车 concrete mixer
  术语 terms
  洒水车 street sprinkler
  消防车 fire fighting vehicle
1.5.3 专用自卸汽车 special tipper
1.5.4 起重举升车 crane/lift truck
1.5.5 仓栅式汽车 storage truck
1.5.6 特种结构汽车 special constrction vehicle
  车辆运输车 car transporter
  集装箱运输车 container platform vehicle
1.6 客车 bus
  微型客车 minbus
  轻型客车 light bus
  中型客车 medium bus
  大型客车 large bus
  特大型客车 extra bus
  长途客车 long distance coach
  铰接客车 articulated bus
  无轨电车 trolley bus
  双层客车 double-deck bus
  游览客车 sightseeing bus
1.7 轿车 passenger car
  微型轿车 minicar
  普通级轿车 subcompact car
  中级轿车 compact car
  中高级轿车 intermediate car
  高级轿车 limousine
  旅行轿车 station wagon
  活顶轿车 convertible saloon
  跑车 roadster
  赛车 racer
1.8 挂车 trailer
  全挂车 full trailer
  半挂车 semi-trailer
2 汽车尺寸参数 automobile dimension
  车长 vehicle length
  车宽 vehicle width
  车高 vehicle height
  轴距 wheelbase
  轮距 track(thread)
  前悬 front overhang
  后悬 rear over hang
  离地间隙 ground clearance
  纵向通过角 ramp angle
  接近角 approach angle
  离去角 departure angle
  术语 terms
  转弯直径 turning diameter
3 汽车质量参数 automoble mass
  底盘干质量 chassis dry mass
  底盘整备质量 chassis curb mass
  整车干质量 complete vehicle dry mass
  整车整备质量 complete vehicle curb mass
  最大总质量 maximum total mass(gross vehicle weight rated)
  厂定最大总质量 maximum manufacturer's total mass
  允许在大总质量 maximum authorized total mass
  最大装载质量 maximum laden mass
   厂定最大装载质量 maximum manufacturer's laden mass
  允许最大装载质量 maximum authorized laden mass
  最大轴载质量 maximum axle laden mass
  厂定最大轴载质量 maximum manufacturer's authorized axle laden mass
  厂定允许最大轴载质量 maximum manufacturer's axle laden mass
4 汽车性能 characteristic of automobile
4.1 动力性 dynamic characteristic
  动力性指标 criteria for evaluation of dynamic characteristic
  最高车速 maximum speed
  加速时间 time of acceleration
  最大爬坡速度 maximum gradeability
  驱动力 driving force
  行驶阻力 resistance to motion
  坡度阻力 grade resistance
  空气阻力 aerodynamic drag force
  空气阻力系数 aerodynamic drag force coefficient
  加速阻力 accelerating resistance
  滚动阻力 rolled resistance 
  滚动阻力系数 rolled resistance coefficient 
  滚动阻力矩 rolled resistance moment
  法向力 normal force
  切向力 tangential force
  侧向力 lateral force
  轮胎变形系数 coefficient of tire deformation
  道路阻力系数 coefficient of road resistance
  附着力 adhesive force
  附着系数 coefficient of adhesion
  牵引力 tractive force
  牵引平衡 tractional balance
  动力因数 dynamic factor
  比功率 power/mass ratio
  比转矩 torque/maximum total mass ratio
  功率平衡 power balance
  后备功率 reserve power
  术语 terms
4.2 燃油经济性 fuel economy
  燃油经济性的评价指标 criteria for evaluation of fuel economy
  等速油耗 constant-speed fuel economy
  道路循环油耗 fuel economy of road test cycles
  经济车速 economic speed
4.3 制动性 braking performance
  制动距离 stopping distance
  制动减速度 braking deceleration
  制动效率 braking efficiency
  地面制动力 tire-ground braking force
  制动时的方向稳定性 directional stability during braking
  同步附着系数 synchronizing adhesion coefficient
  轮胎-道路附着系数 tire-road adhesion coefficient
4.4 通过性 trafficability
  爬坡能力 gradeability
  涉水能力 fading ability
  间隙失效 hang-up failure
  寄生功率 parasitic power
4.5 操纵稳定性 handleability and stability
4.5.1 转向系 steering system
  转向角 steering angle
  名义转向角 nominal steering angle
  转向盘转角 steering angle
  转向系角传动比 steering system angle ratio
  转向盘自由行程 free play of steering wheel
  阿克曼转向角 ackerman steering angle
  操舵力(转向力) steering force
  转向系摩擦力 friction force of steering system
  转向系阻尼 damping of steering system
  保舵力 steering force for keeping a given control
  操舵力矩(转向力举) steering moment
  保舵力矩 steering moment for keeping a given control
  正效率 forward efficiency
  转向系刚度 steering of inertia of steering system
  转向系惯性力矩 moment fo inertia of steering system
  前束 toe-in(length)
  前束角 toe-inangle)
  主销后倾角 kingpin caster angle
  主销后倾矩 caster
  车轮外倾角 camber angle
  主销内倾 kingpin inclination
  主销偏置距 kingpin offset
  横向滑移量 lateral slip
     
  术语 terms
4.5.2 悬架系 suspension system
  车轮中心平面 central plane of the wheel
  车轮中心 wheel center
  车轮定位 wheel alignment
  悬架垂直刚度 suspension vertical stiffness
  悬架纵向刚度 suspension longitudinal stiffness
  悬架横向刚度 suspension transverse stiffness
  悬架有效刚度 ride rate
  悬架侧倾 suspension roll
  悬架侧倾角 suspension roll angle
  悬架侧倾刚度 suspension roll stiffness
  侧倾刚度 roll stiffness
  侧倾中心 roll center
  侧倾轴 roll axis
  悬架柔性 compliance in suspension
  阻尼特性 damping force chatacteristic
  翻倾力矩 overturning moment
  翻倾力矩分配 overturning moment distribution
4.5.3 轮胎和车轮 tire and wheel
  轮胎接地中心 center of tire contact
  轮胎侧偏角 slip angle of tire
  滑移率 slip rate
  自由半径 free radius
  静负荷半径 static loaded tadius
  动负荷半径 dynamic loaded 
  滚动周长 rolling circumference
  滚动半径 rolling radius
  轮胎垂直力 vertical force of tire
  轮胎横向力 lateral force of tire
  轮胎纵向力 longitudinal force of tire
  轮胎侧向力 side force of tire
  径向刚度 radial stiffness
  横向刚度 lateral stiffness
  外倾推力 camber thrust
  转弯力 cornering force
  侧偏阻力 cornering drag
  拖拽阻力 resistance force of drag
  轮胎翻转力矩 overturning moment of tire
  回正力矩 aligning torque
  车轮转矩 wheel torque
  轮胎拖距 pneumatic trail
  侧偏刚度 cornering stiffness
  外倾刚度 camber stiffness
  制动刚度 braking stiffness
  术语 terms
  驱动刚度 driving stiffness
  回正刚度 aligning stiffness
4.5.4 坐标系和运动学 axis system and kinematics
  地面固定坐标系 earth-fixed axis system
  运动坐标系 moving axis system
  汽车坐标系 vehicle axis system
  簧上惯性主轴坐标系 inertia principal axis system
  车辆固定坐标系 wheel-fixed axis system
  车辆纵向对称平面 longitudinal plane of symmetry of vehicle
  侧倾 roll
  纵倾 pitch
  横摆 yaw
  纵倾轴 pitch aixs
  汽车质量 mass of vehicle
  簧上质量 sprung mass
  簧下质量 unsprung mass
  质量分配对比 mass distribution ratio
  质心高度 height of center of mass
  重心高度 height of gravity center
  质心速度矢量 velocity vector at center of mass
  车速 vehicle speed
  纵向速度 longitudinal velocity
  侧向速度 side velocity
  垂直速度 vertical velocity
  前进速度 forward velocity
  横向速度 lateral velocity
  侧倾角速度 roll velocity
  纵倾角速度 pitch velocity
  横摆角速度 yaw velocity
  质心加速度矢量 acceleration vector of center of mass
  纵向加速度 longitudinal acceleration
  侧向加速度 side acceleration
  垂直加速度 vertical acceleration
  前进加速度 forward acceleration
  横向加速度 lateral acceleration 
  指示横向加速度 indicated lateral acceleration
  向心加速度 centripetal acceleration
  离心加速度 centrifugal acceleration
  切向加速度 tangential acceleration
  角加速度 angular acceleration
  减速度 deceleration
  车身侧倾角 vehicle roll angle
  车身纵倾角 vehicle pitch angle
  汽车方位角 heading angle
  术语 terms
  汽车侧偏角 sideslip angle of vehicle
  行进方向角 course angle
  纵向力 longitudinal force
  侧向力 side force
  垂直力 vertical force
  侧倾力矩 rolling moment
  纵倾力矩 pitching moment
  横摆力矩 yawing moment
4.5.5 运动特性 kinematics chatacteristic
  位置控制 position control
  固定控制 fixed control
  力控制 force control
  自由控制 free control
  人为控制 manual control
  转向响应 steering response
  扰动响应 disturbance response
  稳态响应 steady state response
  瞬态响应 transient state response
  横摆响应 yaw response
  侧倾响应 roll response
  转向敏感性 steering sensitivity
  路面不平敏感性 pavement irregularity sensitivity
  侧风敏感性 crosswind sensitivity
  频率响应 frequency response
  频率特性 frequency characteristic
  中性转向 neutral steer
  不足转向 understeer
  过度转向 oversteer
  稳定性因数 stability factor
  直线行驶稳定性 straight motion stability
  回正性 returnability
  驾驶员目视距离 driver viewing distance
4.5.6 界限特性和异常运动 characteristic of limit maneuver and abnormal motion
  最大向心加速度 maximum centripetal acceleration
  最大横向加速度 maximum lateral acceleration
  最大指示横向加速度 maximum indicated lateral acceleration
  特征速度 characteristic speed
  临界速度 critical speed
  侧倾极限角 overturning limit angle
  侧滑 side slip
  卷入 tuck in
  车轮抬起 wheel lift
  举起 jack up
  折叠 jack-knifing
  术语 terms
  滑水效应 hydroplaning
  驻波 standing wave
  跳动 hop
  踏步 tramp
  横振 shimmy
  转向盘反冲 kick-back
4.6 行驶平顺性 ride comfort
4.6.4 基本术语 basic term
  平顺性 ride comfort
  舒适性 comfort
4.6.2 人体振动类型 vibration type of hunam body
  全身振动 whole body vibration
  人体横向振动 longitudinal vibration applied to human body
  人体纵向振动 transverse vibration applied to human body
  人体左右振动 side-to-side vibration applied to human body
  人体前后振动 back-to-chest vibration applied to human body
  人体局部振动 vibration applied to part of human body
4.6.3 汽车振动类型 vibration type of automobile
  垂直振动 vertical vibration
  纵向振动 longitudinal vibration
  横向振动 transverse vibration 
  俯仰振动 pitch vibration
  侧倾振动 roll vibration
  横摆振动 yaw vibration
4.6.4 特殊振动 special vibration
  晕车 motion sickness
  摇振 shake
4.6.5 试验、评价方法 testing and evaluation method
  感觉评价 feeling evaluation 
  物理量评价 objective evaluation
5 整车试验 test of automobile
5.1 整车基本参数测量 complete vehicle dimension measurement
  主要尺寸测量 basic dimensions measurement
  最小转弯直径测量 minimum turning diameter measurement
  重心高度测量 height of gravity center measurement
  质心参数确定 weight of parameter measurement
5.2 动力性试验 dynamic characteristic test
  加速性能试验 acceleration performance test
  最高车速试验 maximum speed test
  最低稳定车速试验 minimum stable speed test
  滑行试验 coasting test
  爬陡坡试验 steep hill climbing test
  爬长坡试验 gradeability test
  牵引性能试验 towing performance test
  术语 terms
  起动性能试验 starting performance test
5.3 经济性能试验 fuel economy test
  燃料消耗量试验 fuel consumption test
5.4 视野性能试验 visibility performance test
  驾驶员前方视野试验 forward visibility for driver test
  风窗玻璃除霜系统试验 windshield demister test
  风窗玻璃除雾系统试验 windshield defroster test
  风窗玻璃洗涤器试验 windshield washer test
5.5 操纵稳定性、行驶平顺性试验 handleability and stability,ride comfort test
  频率响应试验 frequency response test
  瞬态响应试验 transient response test
  阶跃响应试验 step response test
  脉冲响应试验 pulse response test
  转向回正性试验 steering returnability test
  转向轻便性试验 steering efforts test
  稳态回转试验 steady state cornering test
  功率突然变化影响试验 test of effect of sudden power change
  收油门后控制试验 test of control at breakaway
  横风稳定性试验 test of crosswind stability
  撒手稳定性试验 test of stability steering-off motion on a straight-ahead driving
  反冲试验 kick-back test
  轮胎爆破响应试验 test of burst response of tire
  绕过障碍物试验 obstacle avoidance test
  移线试验  lane change test
  蛇行试验 pylon course slalom test
  8”字形试验 "8"form driving test]
  j”形转弯试验 test of"j"turn
  悬架举升试验 jack-up test of suspension
  耐翻倾试验 test of overturning immunity
  轮辋错动试验 rim slip test
  路面不平敏感性试验 test of pavement irregularity sensitivity
  平顺性随即输入行驶试验 ride random input running test
  平顺性脉冲输入行驶试验 ride pulse input running test
  风洞试验 wind tunnel test
5.6 舒适性、通过性试验 comfort,trafficability test
  采暖性能试验 heating performance test
  隔热通风试验 ventilation and heat insulation test
  供油系气阻试验 vapor lock for fuel system test
  发动机冷却系冷却能力试验 cooling capacity for engine cooling system test
  防尘密封性试验 dust proof performance test
  防雨密封性试验 rain proof performance test
  地形通过性试验 passing topography capacity test
  涉水性能试验 fording performance test
  沙地通过性试验 sanding test
  术语 terms
5.7 可靠性耐久性试验 reliability and durability test
  可靠性行驶试验 reliability running test
  耐久性行驶试验 durability running test
5.8 污染控制试验 pollution control test
  噪声试验 noise test
  无线电干扰特性试验 radio interference characteristic test
  排气污染物测量 exhaust pollutants measurement
  燃油蒸发污染物测量 evaporative pollutants measurement
  曲轴箱污染物测量 crankcase pollutants measurement
  怠速污染物测量 pollution at idle speed measurement
  自由加速烟度测量 smoke at free acceleration measurement
  全负荷烟度测量 smoke at full load measurement
5.9 制动性能试验 braking performance test
  制动距离试验 stopping distance test
  制动效能试验 braking effectiveness test
  制动稳定性试验 test of braking stability
  热衰退与恢复试验 fade test
  涉水恢复试验 water fade test
  行车制动器结构完整性试验 service brake structural integrity test
  制动系统扭矩平衡试验 brake system torque balance test
  防抱死制动系统性能试验 antilock braking system test
  弯道制动试验 test of braking on curve
  应急制动试验 emergency braking test
  驻车制动试验 parking braking test
6 安全性 safety 
6.1 碰撞 collision(crash,impact)
  正碰撞 frontal collision
  侧碰撞 side collision
  后碰撞 rear collision
  碰撞角度 collision angle
  受撞角度 impact angle
  受撞位置 impact location
  主要力 principal force
  变形 deformation
  碰撞轴线排列 collision axis alignment
  偏置 offset
  重叠 overlap
  对中 centered
6.2 试验 safety test
  试验场 proving ground
  试验场地 testing site
  撞车模拟装置 crash simulation test set-up
  汽车模拟碰撞滑车试验装置 auto crash simulation test sled
  壁障 barrier
  术语 terms
  胶合板 plywood
  多普勒效应 doppler effect method
  运动波 wave in motion
  视在频率 apparent frequency
  发射波频率 emitted frequency
  环境介质 ambient medium
  电磁波 electromagnetic wave
  厘米波(超短波) centimeter wave
  微波 micrometer wave
  激光 laser
  五轮仪法 fifth wheel method
  第五轮仪 fifth wheel
  光电屏障 photoelectric barrier
  发射器 transmitter
  接收器 receiver
  传感器 sensor
  振荡器 oscillator
  假人 dummy
  混合型假人 hybrid dummy
  仿真度 biofidelity
  滑车 sled
  上部躯体 upper torso
  骨盆 pelvis
  臀部 hip
  头部重心加速度 head c.g. acceleration
  头部重心运动轨迹 head c.g. trajuctory
  头部旋转 head rotation
  头部扭曲 head flexion
  头部扭转 head twist
  头部伤害指数 head injury criteria(hic)
  颈部侧弯试验 lateral neck bending test
6.3 视野 vision field(visibility)
  眼椭球 eyellipse
  驾驶员视野范围 vision field of driver
  视线 sight plane
  眼椭圆样板 eyellipse template
  眼椭圆中心 eyellipse center
  眼椭原定位线 eyellipse locating line
  坐标系 coordination system(aix)
  视觉 vision
  视平面 sight plane
  视野 vision field
  双眼障碍 binocular obstrution
  a立柱 a-pillar
  术语 terms
  座椅基准点 seating reference point(sgrp)
  有效瞳孔距 effective interpupillary width
  视野原点 original point of vision field
  颈部转动中心点(p点) neck pivot point(p point)
  仪表参考平面 refernce plane of instrument panel
  显示表面 display surface
  转向盘轮缘盲区 steering wheel rim obstrument panel
  转向盘毂及幅条盲区 steering hub and spoke obstruction
  汽车视野障碍 vehicle visual obstruction
  视点(v) vision point(v point)
  眼点(e点) eye point(e point)
  眼睛投影点 projected eye point
  上视角 upwards angle of visibility
  下视角 downwards angle of visibility
7 汽车维修 vehicle maintenance and repair
7.1 总概念 general
  汽车维修 vehicle maintenance and repair
  汽车维护 vehicle maintenance
  汽车修理 vehicle repair
  汽车维修性 maintainability of vehicle
7.2 汽车技术状况变化 change of technical condition of vehicle
7.2.1 汽车技术状况 technical condition of vehicle
  汽车完好技术状况 good condition of vehicle
  汽车不良技术状况 bad condition of vehicle
  汽车工作能力 working ability of vehicle
  汽车技术状况参数 paramenters for technical condition of vehicle
  汽车极限技术状况 limiting condition of vehicle
  汽车技术状况变化规律 regularity for change of technical condition of vehicle
7.2.2 缺陷 defect
  运行缺陷 operational defect
  制造缺陷 manufacturing defect
  设计缺陷 design defect
  事故性缺陷 accidental defect
7.2.3 汽车损耗 vehicle wear-out
  汽车零件磨损 wear of vehicle part
  磨损过程 wear process
  正常磨损 normal wear
  极限磨损 limiting wear
  允许磨损 permissible wear
  磨损率 wear rate
  机械磨损 mechanical wear
  化学磨损 chemical wear
  热磨损 thermic wear
  疲劳磨损 fatigue wear
  术语 terms
  腐蚀性磨损 corrosion wear
  故障磨损 failure wear
  故障 malfunctioning
  断裂 breakdown
  更换 replacing
  擦伤 scratching
  刮伤 scoring
  点蚀 pitting
  粘附 adhesion
  咬粘 seizure
  烧伤 burning
  穴蚀 cavitation
  老化 ageing
  疲劳 fatifue
  变形 deformation
  缺陷 defect
  损坏 damage
7.2.4 汽车故障 vehicle failure
  完全故障 complete failure
  局部故障 partal failure
  致命故障 critical failure
  严重故障 major failure
  一般故障 minor failure
7.3 汽车维修工艺 technology of vehicle maintenance and repair
7.3.1 汽车围护类别 class of vehicle maintenance 
  定期维护 periodic maintenance
  季节性维护 seasonal maintenance
  技术保养 technical service
  清洗 washing
  技术检查 check-up
  保养周期 service cycle
  保养里程 mileage between services
  每日保养 daily service
  防护 preserving
  冬季保养 winter check-up
  夏季保养 summer check-up
  走合维护 running-in maintence
7.3.2 汽车修理类别 class of vehicle repair
  汽车大修 major repair of vehicle
  汽车中修 medium repair of vehicle
  汽车小修 current repair of vehicle
  总成修理 unit repair
  零件修理 parts repair
  计划修理 scheduled repair
  术语 terms
  定期修理 regulation repair
  视情修理 repair on technical condition
  非计划修理 unscheduled repair
  修复 reconditioning
  修理里程 mileage between repair
  汽车报废 motor vehicle liquidation
  报废 scrapping
7.3.3 汽车修理工艺 technology of vehicle repair
  技术检验 technical checking
  检视 inspection
  走合(磨合) running-in
  冷磨合 cold running-in
  热磨合 hot running-in
  修理尺寸 repair size
  走(磨)合期 running-in period
  走(磨)合过程 running-in process
  走(磨)合工况 running-in condition
  加速磨损期 period of accelerated wear
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
  术语 terms
1 发动机类型 engine type
  内燃机 internal combustion engine
  火花点火式发动机 spark ignition engine
  压燃式发动机 compression ignition engine
  汽油机 gasoline engine
  汽油喷射式发动机 gasoline injection engine
  化油器式发动机 carburetor engine
  柴油机 diesel engine
  直接喷射式柴油机 direct injection engine
  间接喷射式柴油机 indirect injection engine
  二冲程发动机 two-stroke engine
  四冲程发动机 four-stroke engine
  水冷式发动机 water-cooled engine
  风冷式发动机 air-cooled engine
  直列式发动机 radial engine
  v型发动机 vee-engine
  增压式发动机 supercharged engine
2 发动机性能和特性 enging performance&characteristics
2.1 发动机性能 engine performance
  动力性能 power performance
  排放性能 emission performance
  加速性能 acceleration performance
  起动性能 starting performance
  加载性能 loading performance
  经济性能 economic performance
2.2 发动机特性 engine characteritics
  调整特性 regulation characteristics
  速度特性 fixed throttile characteristics
  外特性 full-load(full throttile) permance
  部分特性 partial load characteristics
  负荷特性 constant speed characteristics
  空转特性 no load characteristics
  万有特性 cross sectional characteristics
3 技术参数与工程过程 technical parameter&working process
  发动机排量 engine displacement
  压缩比 compression ratio
  气缸直径 cylinder bore
  活塞行程 piston stroke
  行程缸径比 stroke-bore ratio
  标准缸径 standard cylinder bore diameter
  气缸数 number of cylinder
  上止点 top dead center
  下止点 bottom dead center
  点(发)火次序 firing order
  术语 terms
  燃烧室容积 combustion chamber volume
  气门重叠角  
  进气持续角  
  排气持续角  
  凸轮行程  
  气门生程  
  气门正时  
  曲轴主轴承轴径  
  曲轴主轴承宽度  
  曲轴主轴承间隙  
  曲轴轴向间隙  
  凸轮轴轴承轴颈  
  连杆轴颈宽度  
  气门杆与导管间隙  
  液压挺柱间隙  
  摇臂比  
  推杆直径  
  气门锥面角度  
  活塞与缸壁间隙  
  活塞环侧间隙  
  活塞环开口间隙  
  活塞环槽高度  
  活塞环槽直径  
  活塞销直径